Striped Bass

In Alabama, striped bass angling is best during cool months and in tailwaters of locks and dams and also in Lewis Smith and Logan Martin Lakes. Favorite baits include live gizzard shad, white or yellow jigs, and spoon lures.

Other Names: striper rockfish, squid hound, greenhead, linesider, roller, and rock; Alabamians also use the term saltwater striped bass.

Characteristics: The striped bass has an elongate, compressed body and a relatively small head with an acute snout and a large, gaping mouth. Maximum body depth goes three or more times into standard length. Two elongate median tooth patches are located on the back of the tongue.

Adult Size: 20 to 24 in (508 to 610 mm)

Distribution: Striped bass populations in Alabama are a mixture of Gulf Coast and Atlantic Coast fish. The Alabama Wildlife and Freshwater Fisheries Division has initiated an aggressive program to reestablish Gulf Coast populations in the Mobile basin, primarily below the Fall Line. Native populations probably still enter the Mobile Delta and lower Alabama and Tombigbee drainages. Landlocked populations of Gulf Coast fish occur in the Chattahoochee River above Jim Woodruff Dam and in Lewis Smith Lake. Most individuals in the Tennessee River are probably Atlantic Coast fish, although Gulf Coast fish were introduced into Wheeler Reservoir from 1992 to 1994.

Habitat and Biology: Schools of native and introduced populations of striped bass inhabit free-flowing rivers and reservoirs and feed primarily on gizzard shad and threadfin shad. Spawning occurs from late March through April in Alabama.

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